Are tanning shots long-term? – 2021

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Advice on the use on injecting tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan


Due to the recent promotion and warnings concerning the dangers of infusing melanotan the HSE has actually launched info as well as suggestions on the usage on infusing tanning agents, e.g. Melanotan.

What is Melanotan?

Melanotan is based on a medication (afamelanotide) which was created by the College of Arizona in 1981 to be made use of for image security versus sun damages. This medicine is presently undergoing medical tests for use in individuals with certain sun-sensitive skin conditions and is not readily available for general sale.

The medicine is chemically connected to the alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormonal agent (α-MSH) and binds to receptors (melanocortin receptors) in human skin cells. This binding to the α-MSH receptor, which has a key function in determining skin and hair pigmentation, enhances manufacturing of melanin in the skin, resulting in a ‘sunlight tan’.

Melanotan is an artificial analog of α-MSH and also is unlawful, untested and also unregulated which is currently being sold online for self-administration. α-MSH is extremely vulnerable as well as needs a strenuous production environment which can not be ensured in unlicensed production laboratories. The item needs to also be saved in a fridge.

What is the distinction between Melanotan I and Melanotan II?

Melanotan I particularly binds to receptors responsible for tanning therefore has much less negative effects. However a lot more of it is required for result and therefore it is more costly than Melanotan II.

Melanotan II binds to receptors apart from those responsible for tanning as well as consequently causes more side-effects.

What are the side-effects?

As this is an unregulated as well as untested drug the complete series of potential side-effects are unknown. Increased sex drive, spontaneous erections, queasiness (with subsequent weight reduction), facial flushing on administration, flu-like signs, and also increased blood pressure have actually been reported.

How is Melanotan administered?

Melanotan is administered subcutaneously by injecting into the fatty layer of cells around the belly switch location. Customers inject daily up until a desired colour is attained and after that remain to infuse one or two times a week to preserve the colour.

Some dimming of the skin may take place using the shot alone yet the impacts are much more remarkable when used in addition to exposure to UV light (sun or tanning bed) 2-3 times a week at first and after that 1-2 times a week thereafter.

How is Melanotan offered?

Products on the marketplace include:

  • A multi- dose vial of 10, 20 or 30 doses for subcutaneous shot.
  • A set of pre-filled syringes for subcutaneous injection.
  • A nasal spray.

Key problems

Product pureness as well as web content:

  • This is an unlicensed, uncontrolled item. This is a vulnerable medicine which calls for refrigeration.
  • Users might unwilling to place the item in their family refrigerator. If pre-filled syringes are placed in the fridge this has effects in terms of gain access to of kids to syringes.

Unidentified side-effects:

  • There are no scientific trials offered on the brief and long term results of using these items or if the doses suggested by makers are risk-free.
  • There is no test information available on how these items may engage with various other medicines or their result on an unborn child.

Infusing tools

  • Needles made use of to infuse could likewise carry physical fluids, which can pass on infections such as HIV as well as hepatitis. In many cases, there is an undersupply of needles by the online providers for the quantity of management needed, e.g. 1 needle supplied with a 10 dose vial.
  • This might bring about sharing as well as reusing of needles. There are records of clients utilizing the same needle for a month and also attempting to sterilise after every use.
  • A multi-dose vial manufactured in a non-rigorous production atmosphere might not stay clean and sterile for the duration of its usage e.g. a 30mg vial is developed to be utilized for 30 doses which might cover an amount of time of 10 weeks.
  • Some sites provide pre-filled syringes in which the product is currently re-constituted with bacteriostatic water, nevertheless there is no warranty that these pre-filled products will certainly remain secure and clean and sterile throughout distribution or for the life span of their use.

Disposal of used sharps

There have actually been reports of needles being taken care of in household rubbish.

Raised exposure to UV rays

As the results of the tanning agents are more remarkable when made use of together with direct exposure to UV light (by natural sunshine or by tanning beds) use of the representatives might raise UV direct exposure with all the enhancement risks associated such as enhanced danger of skin cancer cells, skin ageing, and so on

Injury reduction actions

  • Describe to customers concerning the risks connected with injectable tanning items.
  • Highlight the dangers related to boosted UV exposure (the ill results of tanning still occur even in customers who have a deep tan). Customers can contact the Irish Cancer cells Society if they have problems regarding skin cancer cells on the cancer cells helpline 1800 200 700 or
  • Encourage individuals to quit utilizing, and to seek clinical suggestions if required.

If utilizing

Clean infusing equipment:

  • Recommend that they make use of a tidy needle every single time and also deal with needles in a sharps container. The needles offered in the infusing pack offered in drug stores taking part in the Pharmacy Needle Exchange Program are developed like a diabetic needle and appropriate for subcutaneous shot.
  • Encourage customers on the threat of blood borne conditions and also use guidance on whom to contact if the client is concerned that they might have exposed themselves to a blood birthed illness by sharing needles.
  • A checklist of drug stores joining your area is offered through the Medications helpline 1800 459 459.

Safe disposal.

The pack likewise consists of a little sharps container for utilized sharps. Drug stores will accept used sharps if returned in the sharps container.

Contamination and instability of item.

  • The amount of item in the vial might vary substantially, may be infected with microorganisms or various other chemicals.
  • Inspect the vial before use and also do not utilize if blemished or if bits noticeable.
  • It should be stored in the fridge.
  • All medicines ought to be stayed out of the reach of youngsters which may be hard in a refrigerator.


  • Suggest that side-effects are unidentified, and the dosages being utilized might not be risk-free.
  • Results of the drug on an unborn youngster are unidentified.
  • Results when taken with other medicines are unknown.


Melanotan in WikiPedia

Melanotan II is a synthetic analogue of the peptide hormone α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) that stimulates melanogenesis and increases sexual arousal.

It was under development as drug candidate for female sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction but clinical development ceased by 2003, and as of 2018, no product containing melanotan II was marketed and all commercial development had ceased.

Unlicensed, untested, or fraudulent products sold as “melanotan II” are found on the Internet, and purported to be effective as “tanning drugs”, though side effects such as uneven pigmentation (it makes already uneven pigmentation more noticeable), new nevi (moles), and darkening or enlargement of existing moles have been reported and have led to medical authorities discouraging its use. There has been no scientific study into the long term and permanent side effects the use of this peptide may cause. Products:

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