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Guidance on the usage on infusing tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan


Due to the current attention and also warnings regarding the threats of injecting melanotan the HSE has actually released details and also advice on the usage on injecting tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan.

What is Melanotan?

Melanotan is based on a drug (afamelanotide) which was developed by the University of Arizona in 1981 to be utilized for picture defense against sun damages. This drug is currently undergoing scientific tests for use in individuals with certain sun-sensitive skin conditions as well as is not available for basic sale.

The medication is chemically associated with the alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) as well as binds to receptors (melanocortin receptors) in human skin cells. This binding to the α-MSH receptor, which has a key function in determining skin and also hair coloring, raises manufacturing of melanin in the skin, causing a ‘sunlight tan’.

Melanotan is an artificial analog of α-MSH and is prohibited, untried and unregulated which is presently being sold online for self-administration. α-MSH is very fragile as well as needs a strenuous production atmosphere which can not be ensured in unlicensed manufacturing labs. The item has to also be saved in a fridge.

What is the distinction between Melanotan I and also Melanotan II?

Melanotan I particularly binds to receptors in charge of tanning therefore has much less negative effects. Nonetheless much more of it is needed for result and also as a result it is much more pricey than Melanotan II.

Melanotan II binds to receptors apart from those responsible for tanning as well as therefore leads to more side-effects.

What are the side-effects?

As this is an uncontrolled and also untried drug the complete variety of prospective side-effects are unknown. Enhanced sex drive, spontaneous erections, nausea or vomiting (with succeeding weight reduction), face flushing on administration, flu-like signs and symptoms, and increased high blood pressure have actually been reported.

How is Melanotan administered?

Melanotan is carried out subcutaneously by infusing into the fatty layer of cells around the stomach switch location. Customers inject daily up until a desired colour is accomplished and then continue to infuse one or two times a week to keep the colour.

Some dimming of the skin might take place utilizing the injection alone however the effects are far more remarkable when used in addition to exposure to UV light (sunlight or tanning bed) 2-3 times a week at first and afterwards 1-2 times a week thereafter.

How is Melanotan offered?

Products on the marketplace include:

  • A multi- dosage vial of 10, 20 or 30 dosages for subcutaneous shot.
  • A collection of pre-filled syringes for subcutaneous shot.
  • A nasal spray.

Key issues

Item purity and material:

  • This is an unlicensed, uncontrolled product. This is a vulnerable medication which needs refrigeration.
  • Users may unwilling to place the product in their household fridge. If pre-filled syringes are positioned in the fridge this has implications in terms of gain access to of children to syringes.

Unknown side-effects:

  • There are no scientific trials available on the short as well as long-term results of using these products or if the dosages recommended by manufacturers are risk-free.
  • There is no trial information available on how these items may engage with various other drugs or their result on an expected youngster.

Infusing equipment

  • Needles utilized to inject could likewise carry bodily fluids, which can pass on infections such as HIV and hepatitis. In many cases, there is an undersupply of needles by the online providers for the amount of administration required, e.g. 1 needle provided with a 10 dose vial.
  • This might cause sharing as well as reusing of needles. There are reports of customers using the very same needle for a month and attempting to sterilise after every usage.
  • A multi-dose vial manufactured in a non-rigorous manufacturing environment might not stay sterilized throughout of its use e.g. a 30mg vial is created to be utilized for 30 doses which might extend a time period of 10 weeks.
  • Some websites use pre-filled syringes in which the item is currently re-constituted with bacteriostatic water, nevertheless there is no warranty that these pre-filled products will certainly continue to be stable as well as sterile during distribution or for the lifetime of their use.

Disposal of used sharps

There have been records of needles being dealt with in house rubbish.

Increased exposure to UV rays

As the results of the tanning representatives are extra dramatic when used along with direct exposure to UV light (by all-natural sunshine or by tanning beds) use the agents might increase UV exposure with all the enhancement dangers linked such as increased risk of skin cancer cells, skin ageing, and so on

Damage decrease activities

  • Clarify to users about the dangers connected with injectable tanning products.
  • Highlight the threats related to raised UV exposure (the ill impacts of sun tanning still take place also in customers who have a deep tan). Customers can contact the Irish Cancer cells Society if they have issues concerning skin cancer on the cancer cells helpline 1800 200 700 or
  • Motivate users to stop using, and also to seek medical suggestions if needed.

If making use of

Clean infusing equipment:

  • Advise that they use a tidy needle each time and throw away needles in a sharps container. The needles offered in the injecting pack available in pharmacies taking part in the Drug store Needle Exchange Program are developed like a diabetic needle and also appropriate for subcutaneous shot.
  • Recommend clients on the threat of blood borne diseases and also supply recommendations on whom to call if the client is concerned that they may have exposed themselves to a blood birthed disease by sharing needles.
  • A list of pharmacies joining your area is available via the Medicines helpline 1800 459 459.

Safe disposal.

The pack additionally contains a small sharps container for utilized sharps. Drug stores will certainly accept made use of sharps if returned in the sharps container.

Pollutant and instability of product.

  • The quantity of product in the vial might vary significantly, might be polluted with germs or various other chemicals.
  • Check the vial before usage and also do not utilize if blemished or if fragments noticeable.
  • It has to be kept in the refrigerator.
  • All medications should be shut out of the reach of kids which might be tough in a refrigerator.


  • Advise that side-effects are unidentified, as well as the dosages being used may not be safe.
  • Impacts of the drug on an expected kid are unidentified.
  • Impacts when taken with other drugs are unidentified.


Melanotan in WikiPedia

Melanotan II is a synthetic analogue of the peptide hormone α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) that stimulates melanogenesis and increases sexual arousal.

It was under development as drug candidate for female sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction but clinical development ceased by 2003, and as of 2018, no product containing melanotan II was marketed and all commercial development had ceased.

Unlicensed, untested, or fraudulent products sold as “melanotan II” are found on the Internet, and purported to be effective as “tanning drugs”, though side effects such as uneven pigmentation (it makes already uneven pigmentation more noticeable), new nevi (moles), and darkening or enlargement of existing moles have been reported and have led to medical authorities discouraging its use. There has been no scientific study into the long term and permanent side effects the use of this peptide may cause. Products:

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