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Advice on the use on injecting tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan


As a result of the recent publicity and also cautions regarding the dangers of infusing melanotan the HSE has actually released information and suggestions on the usage on injecting tanning agents, e.g. Melanotan.

What is Melanotan?

Melanotan is based on a medication (afamelanotide) which was established by the College of Arizona in 1981 to be used for image security versus sunlight damages. This medication is currently going through clinical tests for usage in people with specific sun-sensitive skin problem as well as is not readily available for general sale.

The medicine is chemically related to the alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) and binds to receptors (melanocortin receptors) in human skin cells. This binding to the α-MSH receptor, which has an essential role in determining skin and hair coloring, raises manufacturing of melanin in the skin, resulting in a ‘sun tan’.

Melanotan is an artificial analog of α-MSH and also is prohibited, untested and also uncontrolled which is presently being offered online for self-administration. α-MSH is really fragile as well as calls for an extensive manufacturing setting which can not be guaranteed in unlicensed manufacturing labs. The product has to likewise be kept in a fridge.

What is the distinction in between Melanotan I and also Melanotan II?

Melanotan I specifically binds to receptors responsible for tanning therefore has much less negative effects. Nevertheless a lot more of it is needed for impact and also as a result it is a lot more expensive than Melanotan II.

Melanotan II binds to receptors aside from those in charge of tanning and also for that reason causes even more side-effects.

What are the side-effects?

As this is an unregulated and also untried medication the complete range of potential side-effects are unknown. Increased libido, spontaneous erections, queasiness (with succeeding weight management), facial flushing on management, flu-like signs, and also increased high blood pressure have been reported.

How is Melanotan administered?

Melanotan is administered subcutaneously by infusing into the fatty layer of tissue around the stubborn belly button location. Clients infuse daily up until a preferred colour is accomplished and then continue to inject once or twice a week to keep the colour.

Some darkening of the skin may happen making use of the injection alone but the effects are much more significant when utilized in addition to direct exposure to UV light (sun or tanning bed) 2-3 times a week originally and afterwards 1-2 times a week after that.

Exactly how is Melanotan readily available?

Products on the market consist of:

  • A multi- dose vial of 10, 20 or 30 dosages for subcutaneous injection.
  • A set of pre-filled syringes for subcutaneous injection.
  • A nasal spray.

Main concerns

Product purity and web content:

  • This is an unlicensed, uncontrolled item. This is a delicate medicine which needs refrigeration.
  • Users might hesitant to put the item in their household fridge. If pre-filled syringes are positioned in the refrigerator this has effects in regards to accessibility of children to syringes.

Unknown side-effects:

  • There are no medical trials offered on the brief as well as long term results of using these items or if the dosages suggested by manufacturers are secure.
  • There is no trial information available on just how these products may connect with other medicines or their result on an expected youngster.

Injecting equipment

  • Needles made use of to infuse can likewise lug bodily fluids, which can hand down infections such as HIV and also liver disease. Sometimes, there is an undersupply of needles by the online vendors for the quantity of management needed, e.g. 1 needle provided with a 10 dose vial.
  • This might bring about sharing as well as reusing of needles. There are reports of clients using the exact same needle for a month and attempting to sterilise after every use.
  • A multi-dose vial produced in a non-rigorous manufacturing setting may not remain sterilized for the duration of its usage e.g. a 30mg vial is created to be utilized for 30 doses which may span an amount of time of 10 weeks.
  • Some sites supply pre-filled syringes in which the product is currently re-constituted with bacteriostatic water, however there is no guarantee that these pre-filled items will remain stable as well as sterilized during delivery or for the lifetime of their usage.

Disposal of used sharps

There have actually been records of needles being thrown away in household rubbish.

Enhanced exposure to UV rays

As the results of the tanning agents are a lot more dramatic when made use of together with direct exposure to UV light (by natural sunshine or by tanning beds) use the agents may boost UV exposure with all the addition risks associated such as raised threat of skin cancer, skin ageing, etc

Injury reduction actions

  • Explain to users about the dangers connected with injectable tanning items.
  • Highlight the risks connected with raised UV direct exposure (the sick impacts of sun tanning still take place even in customers who have a deep tan). Customers can contact the Irish Cancer cells Society if they have issues concerning skin cancer on the cancer helpline 1800 200 700 or
  • Urge individuals to stop using, as well as to seek medical suggestions if required.

If utilizing

Clean infusing devices:

  • Recommend that they utilize a tidy needle whenever and also deal with needles in a sharps container. The needles readily available in the infusing pack offered in pharmacies joining the Pharmacy Needle Exchange Program are developed like a diabetic person needle as well as are suitable for subcutaneous injection.
  • Recommend clients on the danger of blood borne diseases as well as supply advice on whom to contact if the customer is concerned that they might have revealed themselves to a blood borne disease by sharing needles.
  • A checklist of drug stores joining your area is readily available through the Drugs helpline 1800 459 459.

Safe disposal.

The pack additionally has a little sharps container for utilized sharps. Pharmacies will accept utilized sharps if returned in the sharps container.

Contamination as well as instability of item.

  • The amount of product in the vial may differ considerably, might be contaminated with microorganisms or various other chemicals.
  • Inspect the vial before use as well as do not use if tarnished or if fragments noticeable.
  • It needs to be stored in the fridge.
  • All medications must be stayed out of the reach of kids which may be challenging in a refrigerator.


  • Recommend that side-effects are unidentified, and the dosages being made use of might not be safe.
  • Results of the medication on an unborn child are unknown.
  • Results when taken with other medicines are unidentified.


Melanotan in WikiPedia

Melanotan II is a synthetic analogue of the peptide hormone α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) that stimulates melanogenesis and increases sexual arousal.

It was under development as drug candidate for female sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction but clinical development ceased by 2003, and as of 2018, no product containing melanotan II was marketed and all commercial development had ceased.

Unlicensed, untested, or fraudulent products sold as “melanotan II” are found on the Internet, and purported to be effective as “tanning drugs”, though side effects such as uneven pigmentation (it makes already uneven pigmentation more noticeable), new nevi (moles), and darkening or enlargement of existing moles have been reported and have led to medical authorities discouraging its use. There has been no scientific study into the long term and permanent side effects the use of this peptide may cause. Products:

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