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Advice on the use on infusing tanning agents, e.g. Melanotan


Because of the current promotion and also warnings regarding the dangers of injecting melanotan the HSE has released info and also suggestions on the use on injecting tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan.

What is Melanotan?

Melanotan is based upon a medicine (afamelanotide) which was established by the University of Arizona in 1981 to be utilized for image security against sunlight damages. This drug is presently undergoing scientific tests for usage in people with specific sun-sensitive skin problem and is not readily available for general sale.

The drug is chemically associated with the alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormonal agent (α-MSH) and also binds to receptors (melanocortin receptors) in human skin cells. This binding to the α-MSH receptor, which has a vital duty in figuring out skin and hair pigmentation, raises production of melanin in the skin, leading to a ‘sunlight tan’.

Melanotan is an artificial analog of α-MSH as well as is prohibited, untested as well as unregulated which is currently being sold online for self-administration. α-MSH is very vulnerable as well as requires a strenuous production atmosphere which can not be ensured in unlicensed production labs. The product has to likewise be stored in a refrigerator.

What is the difference between Melanotan I and Melanotan II?

Melanotan I particularly binds to receptors in charge of tanning therefore has much less side effects. Nonetheless much more of it is needed for result and also as a result it is much more costly than Melanotan II.

Melanotan II binds to receptors other than those responsible for tanning and also consequently leads to even more side-effects.

What are the side-effects?

As this is an unregulated and also untested drug the complete series of prospective side-effects are unknown. Increased sex drive, spontaneous erections, queasiness (with succeeding fat burning), face flushing on administration, flu-like symptoms, and also increased high blood pressure have been reported.

How is Melanotan carried out?

Melanotan is administered subcutaneously by infusing into the fatty layer of tissue around the belly switch location. Clients infuse daily till a preferred colour is accomplished and after that continue to inject one or two times a week to maintain the colour.

Some dimming of the skin may take place using the shot alone yet the results are far more significant when utilized along with direct exposure to UV light (sunlight or tanning bed) 2-3 times a week initially and then 1-2 times a week thereafter.

Just how is Melanotan offered?

Products on the market include:

  • A multi- dosage vial of 10, 20 or 30 dosages for subcutaneous injection.
  • A collection of pre-filled syringes for subcutaneous shot.
  • A nasal spray.

Key issues

Product purity as well as web content:

  • This is an unlicensed, unregulated product. This is a delicate medication which requires refrigeration.
  • Individuals might unwilling to place the item in their family fridge. If pre-filled syringes are placed in the refrigerator this has effects in regards to accessibility of children to syringes.

Unidentified side-effects:

  • There are no scientific tests readily available on the short as well as long term results of using these products or if the doses suggested by makers are secure.
  • There is no test information available on how these items may connect with various other medicines or their result on a coming youngster.

Injecting tools

  • Needles made use of to inject can likewise lug bodily fluids, which can hand down infections such as HIV as well as hepatitis. In many cases, there is an undersupply of needles by the on-line suppliers for the quantity of administration called for, e.g. 1 needle provided with a 10 dose vial.
  • This could bring about sharing and recycling of needles. There are reports of clients utilizing the exact same needle for a month and trying to sterilise after every use.
  • A multi-dose vial manufactured in a non-rigorous production setting might not remain sterile for the duration of its usage e.g. a 30mg vial is created to be utilized for 30 dosages which might span a period of 10 weeks.
  • Some websites supply pre-filled syringes in which the product is currently re-constituted with bacteriostatic water, nevertheless there is no guarantee that these pre-filled products will continue to be secure as well as clean and sterile throughout distribution or for the lifetime of their use.

Disposal of used sharps

There have actually been reports of needles being dealt with in family rubbish.

Boosted direct exposure to UV rays

As the effects of the tanning representatives are a lot more dramatic when made use of combined with exposure to UV light (by all-natural sunshine or by tanning beds) use the agents may increase UV direct exposure with all the enhancement threats linked such as increased threat of skin cancer cells, skin ageing, and so on

Injury reduction activities

  • Explain to individuals concerning the dangers connected with injectable tanning items.
  • Highlight the dangers associated with increased UV direct exposure (the unwell results of sun tanning still occur also in clients that have a deep tan). Customers can get in touch with the Irish Cancer cells Culture if they have problems pertaining to skin cancer cells on the cancer cells helpline 1800 200 700 or
  • Encourage customers to quit utilizing, and also to seek clinical guidance if needed.

If making use of

Tidy injecting equipment:

  • Encourage that they make use of a tidy needle every time and take care of needles in a sharps container. The needles available in the injecting pack offered in pharmacies participating in the Pharmacy Needle Exchange Program are developed like a diabetic needle and also appropriate for subcutaneous injection.
  • Advise customers on the risk of blood birthed diseases as well as offer suggestions on whom to contact if the customer is worried that they may have subjected themselves to a blood birthed condition by sharing needles.
  • A list of pharmacies joining your location is offered through the Medications helpline 1800 459 459.

Safe disposal.

The pack also contains a small sharps container for utilized sharps. Drug stores will certainly approve utilized sharps if returned in the sharps container.

Impurity and instability of product.

  • The quantity of product in the vial may differ considerably, may be polluted with bacteria or various other chemicals.
  • Inspect the vial before use and do not make use of if stained or if fragments visible.
  • It needs to be stored in the refrigerator.
  • All drugs must be stayed out of the reach of youngsters which might be difficult in a fridge.


  • Advise that side-effects are unidentified, and also the doses being made use of might not be risk-free.
  • Results of the medication on an expected kid are unidentified.
  • Impacts when taken with various other medications are unknown.


Melanotan in WikiPedia

Melanotan II is a synthetic analogue of the peptide hormone α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) that stimulates melanogenesis and increases sexual arousal.

It was under development as drug candidate for female sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction but clinical development ceased by 2003, and as of 2018, no product containing melanotan II was marketed and all commercial development had ceased.

Unlicensed, untested, or fraudulent products sold as “melanotan II” are found on the Internet, and purported to be effective as “tanning drugs”, though side effects such as uneven pigmentation (it makes already uneven pigmentation more noticeable), new nevi (moles), and darkening or enlargement of existing moles have been reported and have led to medical authorities discouraging its use. There has been no scientific study into the long term and permanent side effects the use of this peptide may cause. Products:

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