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Advice on the use on infusing tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan


As a result of the recent promotion as well as cautions regarding the threats of injecting melanotan the HSE has actually launched info and also recommendations on the use on infusing tanning agents, e.g. Melanotan.

What is Melanotan?

Melanotan is based on a medicine (afamelanotide) which was created by the University of Arizona in 1981 to be made use of for photo protection versus sunlight damages. This drug is presently undertaking professional tests for use in individuals with certain sun-sensitive skin problem as well as is not readily available for basic sale.

The drug is chemically associated with the alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormonal agent (α-MSH) and binds to receptors (melanocortin receptors) in human skin cells. This binding to the α-MSH receptor, which has a key duty in figuring out skin as well as hair coloring, enhances manufacturing of melanin in the skin, leading to a ‘sunlight tan’.

Melanotan is a synthetic analog of α-MSH and is prohibited, untested and also unregulated which is currently being offered online for self-administration. α-MSH is really breakable and also calls for an extensive manufacturing setting which can not be ensured in unlicensed manufacturing laboratories. The item should likewise be saved in a refrigerator.

What is the difference between Melanotan I and also Melanotan II?

Melanotan I specifically binds to receptors responsible for tanning therefore has less adverse effects. However much more of it is required for result and also consequently it is extra costly than Melanotan II.

Melanotan II binds to receptors apart from those in charge of tanning as well as consequently causes even more side-effects.

What are the side-effects?

As this is an unregulated as well as untried drug the full range of potential side-effects are unknown. Increased libido, spontaneous erections, nausea (with succeeding weight management), facial flushing on management, flu-like signs, and raised blood pressure have actually been reported.

How is Melanotan carried out?

Melanotan is administered subcutaneously by injecting right into the fatty layer of cells around the stomach switch location. Clients infuse daily up until a wanted colour is accomplished and then continue to infuse once or twice a week to maintain the colour.

Some darkening of the skin may occur making use of the injection alone however the effects are even more remarkable when utilized in addition to exposure to UV light (sun or tanning bed) 2-3 times a week originally and after that 1-2 times a week after that.

How is Melanotan available?

Products on the marketplace include:

  • A multi- dose vial of 10, 20 or 30 doses for subcutaneous injection.
  • A set of pre-filled syringes for subcutaneous injection.
  • A nasal spray.

Main worries

Product pureness and content:

  • This is an unlicensed, uncontrolled product. This is a delicate drug which calls for refrigeration.
  • Users might hesitant to put the item in their household fridge. If pre-filled syringes are positioned in the refrigerator this has implications in regards to gain access to of children to syringes.

Unidentified side-effects:

  • There are no professional tests available on the brief and long-term results of using these products or if the doses suggested by suppliers are secure.
  • There is no test data available on how these products might communicate with various other medications or their result on an unborn youngster.

Injecting equipment

  • Needles made use of to inject might additionally bring bodily liquids, which can hand down infections such as HIV as well as hepatitis. In some cases, there is an undersupply of needles by the on the internet suppliers for the amount of management required, e.g. 1 needle provided with a 10 dose vial.
  • This could lead to sharing and also recycling of needles. There are records of customers making use of the very same needle for a month as well as trying to sterilise after every use.
  • A multi-dose vial made in a non-rigorous production setting may not remain sterile for the duration of its use e.g. a 30mg vial is made to be used for 30 doses which may span an amount of time of 10 weeks.
  • Some sites offer pre-filled syringes in which the product is already re-constituted with bacteriostatic water, nonetheless there is no guarantee that these pre-filled items will continue to be stable as well as sterile throughout shipment or for the lifetime of their usage.

Disposal of used sharps

There have been reports of needles being taken care of in family rubbish.

Raised direct exposure to UV rays

As the effects of the tanning representatives are a lot more significant when used along with direct exposure to UV light (by natural sunlight or by tanning beds) use the representatives may enhance UV exposure with all the addition threats connected such as increased threat of skin cancer cells, skin ageing, and so on

Damage reduction activities

  • Discuss to users about the threats connected with injectable tanning products.
  • Highlight the threats related to raised UV exposure (the unwell effects of tanning still happen even in clients that have a deep tan). Customers can get in touch with the Irish Cancer Culture if they have problems regarding skin cancer on the cancer helpline 1800 200 700 or www.cancer.ie
  • Encourage customers to stop utilizing, and also to seek clinical suggestions if required.

If using

Clean infusing equipment:

  • Recommend that they use a tidy needle every single time as well as take care of needles in a sharps container. The needles readily available in the injecting pack available in pharmacies participating in the Pharmacy Needle Exchange Program are designed like a diabetic person needle as well as appropriate for subcutaneous shot.
  • Recommend customers on the danger of blood birthed illness and also supply advice on whom to get in touch with if the client is concerned that they may have subjected themselves to a blood birthed disease by sharing needles.
  • A listing of pharmacies taking part in your area is readily available with the Medicines helpline 1800 459 459.

Safe disposal.

The pack likewise includes a small sharps container for used sharps. Pharmacies will certainly accept used sharps if returned in the sharps container.

Impurity as well as instability of product.

  • The quantity of item in the vial may differ significantly, may be infected with germs or other chemicals.
  • Examine the vial prior to use and also do not utilize if tarnished or if particles noticeable.
  • It needs to be kept in the fridge.
  • All medications need to be kept out of the reach of children which may be tough in a fridge.


  • Recommend that side-effects are unknown, and also the dosages being utilized may not be safe.
  • Effects of the drug on a coming child are unknown.
  • Impacts when taken with other drugs are unknown.


Melanotan in WikiPedia

Melanotan II is a synthetic analogue of the peptide hormone α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) that stimulates melanogenesis and increases sexual arousal.

It was under development as drug candidate for female sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction but clinical development ceased by 2003, and as of 2018, no product containing melanotan II was marketed and all commercial development had ceased.

Unlicensed, untested, or fraudulent products sold as “melanotan II” are found on the Internet, and purported to be effective as “tanning drugs”, though side effects such as uneven pigmentation (it makes already uneven pigmentation more noticeable), new nevi (moles), and darkening or enlargement of existing moles have been reported and have led to medical authorities discouraging its use. There has been no scientific study into the long term and permanent side effects the use of this peptide may cause.

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