What is the half life of Melanotan 2? – 2021

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Guidance on the usage on injecting tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan


Due to the current promotion as well as warnings regarding the risks of infusing melanotan the HSE has launched info and also suggestions on the use on infusing tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan.

What is Melanotan?

Melanotan is based on a drug (afamelanotide) which was established by the University of Arizona in 1981 to be utilized for image defense versus sunlight damages. This medicine is currently undergoing clinical trials for use in people with particular sun-sensitive skin disease and is not offered for general sale.

The drug is chemically related to the alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) and also binds to receptors (melanocortin receptors) in human skin cells. This binding to the α-MSH receptor, which has an essential duty in establishing skin as well as hair pigmentation, increases manufacturing of melanin in the skin, resulting in a ‘sunlight tan’.

Melanotan is a synthetic analog of α-MSH and is prohibited, untested and uncontrolled which is currently being marketed online for self-administration. α-MSH is extremely delicate as well as needs a strenuous production environment which can not be guaranteed in unlicensed manufacturing labs. The item should additionally be stored in a refrigerator.

What is the distinction between Melanotan I and Melanotan II?

Melanotan I especially binds to receptors responsible for tanning therefore has much less side effects. Nonetheless far more of it is needed for impact as well as as a result it is much more costly than Melanotan II.

Melanotan II binds to receptors apart from those in charge of tanning as well as therefore leads to more side-effects.

What are the side-effects?

As this is an uncontrolled and also untested medicine the complete variety of potential side-effects are unknown. Raised sex drive, spontaneous erections, queasiness (with succeeding weight management), face flushing on administration, flu-like symptoms, as well as enhanced blood pressure have been reported.

Just how is Melanotan administered?

Melanotan is carried out subcutaneously by infusing right into the fatty layer of cells around the stomach switch location. Customers infuse daily till a wanted colour is attained and after that remain to inject once or twice a week to maintain the colour.

Some dimming of the skin might take place utilizing the shot alone however the impacts are far more dramatic when utilized along with exposure to UV light (sun or tanning bed) 2-3 times a week originally and after that 1-2 times a week afterwards.

Exactly how is Melanotan available?

Products on the marketplace include:

  • A multi- dose vial of 10, 20 or 30 dosages for subcutaneous shot.
  • A collection of pre-filled syringes for subcutaneous injection.
  • A nasal spray.

Main concerns

Item purity as well as material:

  • This is an unlicensed, unregulated item. This is a breakable medication which needs refrigeration.
  • Users may reluctant to put the item in their family refrigerator. If pre-filled syringes are positioned in the refrigerator this has effects in regards to access of children to syringes.

Unidentified side-effects:

  • There are no clinical tests available on the brief and long term impacts of using these items or if the dosages advised by suppliers are safe.
  • There is no test data readily available on exactly how these products might communicate with various other medicines or their result on an unborn kid.

Injecting tools

  • Needles made use of to infuse might also bring bodily fluids, which can pass on infections such as HIV and liver disease. In some cases, there is an undersupply of needles by the online distributors for the amount of administration called for, e.g. 1 needle provided with a 10 dose vial.
  • This could lead to sharing and also recycling of needles. There are records of customers using the exact same needle for a month and trying to sterilise after every use.
  • A multi-dose vial produced in a non-rigorous production atmosphere may not continue to be clean and sterile for the duration of its use e.g. a 30mg vial is created to be utilized for 30 dosages which might extend a period of 10 weeks.
  • Some sites use pre-filled syringes in which the product is currently re-constituted with bacteriostatic water, nonetheless there is no guarantee that these pre-filled items will certainly stay steady and sterile during delivery or for the life expectancy of their usage.

Disposal of used sharps

There have actually been reports of needles being disposed of in home rubbish.

Raised exposure to UV rays

As the impacts of the tanning agents are a lot more significant when made use of along with exposure to UV light (by natural sunshine or by tanning beds) use of the agents might raise UV direct exposure with all the enhancement threats associated such as boosted danger of skin cancer cells, skin ageing, etc

Damage decrease activities

  • Explain to users about the dangers connected with injectable tanning products.
  • Highlight the threats associated with enhanced UV exposure (the ill effects of tanning still take place even in clients who have a deep tan). Clients can contact the Irish Cancer cells Culture if they have concerns pertaining to skin cancer on the cancer cells helpline 1800 200 700 or www.cancer.ie
  • Encourage users to quit using, and also to seek medical recommendations if needed.

If using

Tidy infusing tools:

  • Advise that they utilize a tidy needle every single time as well as deal with needles in a sharps container. The needles available in the infusing pack available in pharmacies taking part in the Pharmacy Needle Exchange Program are developed like a diabetic person needle and also are suitable for subcutaneous injection.
  • Advise customers on the danger of blood birthed illness and also provide recommendations on whom to get in touch with if the client is concerned that they may have subjected themselves to a blood borne condition by sharing needles.
  • A list of pharmacies joining your location is offered via the Medicines helpline 1800 459 459.

Safe disposal.

The pack additionally contains a little sharps container for utilized sharps. Pharmacies will certainly accept used sharps if returned in the sharps container.

Pollutant and also instability of item.

  • The quantity of item in the vial may differ significantly, might be infected with germs or other chemicals.
  • Inspect the vial prior to use as well as do not utilize if tarnished or if particles visible.
  • It needs to be stored in the fridge.
  • All drugs ought to be shut out of the reach of kids which might be difficult in a fridge.


  • Encourage that side-effects are unidentified, as well as the dosages being made use of might not be risk-free.
  • Results of the medication on a coming child are unidentified.
  • Impacts when taken with other medications are unidentified.


Melanotan in WikiPedia

Melanotan II is a synthetic analogue of the peptide hormone α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) that stimulates melanogenesis and increases sexual arousal.

It was under development as drug candidate for female sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction but clinical development ceased by 2003, and as of 2018, no product containing melanotan II was marketed and all commercial development had ceased.

Unlicensed, untested, or fraudulent products sold as “melanotan II” are found on the Internet, and purported to be effective as “tanning drugs”, though side effects such as uneven pigmentation (it makes already uneven pigmentation more noticeable), new nevi (moles), and darkening or enlargement of existing moles have been reported and have led to medical authorities discouraging its use. There has been no scientific study into the long term and permanent side effects the use of this peptide may cause.

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