Is this injectable tanning drug safe to utilize?
Many Australians are familiar with the Cancer Council’s slogans advising us to “slip, slop, slap”, and that “there’s absolutely nothing healthy about a tan”.
Now a controversial injectable tanning representative Melanotan is growing in popularity. How safe is it, and can it protect us from the sun’s damage?
What is Melanotan?
Called “Mel”, “MT” or “the Barbie drug”, Melanotan is a synthetic melanocortin, which is a hormonal agent derived from the pituitary gland at the base of the brain that manages growth and development.
It assists to speed up the production of melanin, the pigment that takes in ultraviolet radiation and gives skin its colour. When delivered by injection over the course of as low as a week, Melanotan has the result of (semi-permanently) darkening the skin, as though tanned by the sun.
First developed in the 1980s by scientists at the University of Arizona, Melanotan is primarily utilized for the treatment of skin disorders including vitiligo and erythropoietic protoporphyria that impact skin look and sensitivity (specifically to sunlight). By promoting melanin in the skin, Melanotan can help alleviate the signs of these conditions and make it possible for those diagnosed to live a more typical life.
Melanotan’s tanning ability and prospective use as a “natural” photoprotectant (that assists to avoid damage triggered by sunshine) has actually also received much public interest, and led to its appropriation as a lifestyle drug.
The reasoning behind this trend is that developing tanned skin (by increasing melanin) with very little to no sun direct exposure might safeguard individuals from skin damage, and even possibly lower cancer malignancy threat. More melanin indicates more security from UV radiation, and for that reason a healthier (and conveniently, deeper) skin tone. In this sense, there is possibly a kernel of reality to the idea of the “healthy glow”.
Is it safe to utilize?
Scientific trials of the safety and effectiveness of Melanotan are continuous, however in 2008 the European Medicines Agency approved a mix of the peptide called Scenesse to be marketed for limited prescription-only usage by those with particular skin problem throughout the European Union.
However, there are no published medical trials of the drug amongst people without these disorders. This implies its long-lasting efficacy and safety for usage in the general population is unidentified.
In Australia, Melanotan usage is uncontrolled. The drug is presently recorded in Set up 4 (prescription just medications) of the Restorative Goods Administration’s Poisons Standard, no items containing Melanotan are signed up for usage in Australia.
This suggests while there are rumours of some practitioners prescribing the drug, many practitioners warn versus– and will not recommend– Melanotan for aesthetic or way of life purposes.
There are presently no population-based studies on Melanotan to suggest the level of its usage, however, there are reports of its increased off-label use in the UK.
Most of users source the drug via “underground” online vendors at costs varying from A$ 30-50 for a one-month supply, and self-administer the injections in the house. Users report a variety of brief adverse effects consisting of facial flushing, nausea, temporary freckling and darkening of moles, and in some males, spontaneous erections.
There is a possibility Melanotan might some day present a viable service to attaining a “healthy tan” in line with existing western beauty perfects. It likewise develops new types of risk worrying needle safety, unsettling patient-practitioner relationships via uncontrolled usage, and the subversion of public health messages that groups such as Cancer Council Australia have actually worked for years to promote.
Melanotan in WikiPedia
Melanotan II is a synthetic analogue of the peptide hormone α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) that stimulates melanogenesis and increases sexual arousal.
It was under development as drug candidate for female sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction but clinical development ceased by 2003, and as of 2018, no product containing melanotan II was marketed and all commercial development had ceased.
Unlicensed, untested, or fraudulent products sold as “melanotan II” are found on the Internet, and purported to be effective as “tanning drugs”, though side effects such as uneven pigmentation (it makes already uneven pigmentation more noticeable), new nevi (moles), and darkening or enlargement of existing moles have been reported and have led to medical authorities discouraging its use. There has been no scientific study into the long term and permanent side effects the use of this peptide may cause.
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