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Recommendations on the usage on injecting tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan


Because of the current promotion as well as cautions about the threats of infusing melanotan the HSE has released information and recommendations on the usage on injecting tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan.

What is Melanotan?

Melanotan is based on a medicine (afamelanotide) which was created by the University of Arizona in 1981 to be used for image protection against sun damages. This drug is presently undertaking clinical tests for usage in patients with certain sun-sensitive skin conditions and is not available for general sale.

The drug is chemically associated with the alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormonal agent (α-MSH) and binds to receptors (melanocortin receptors) in human skin cells. This binding to the α-MSH receptor, which has a key role in establishing skin and also hair pigmentation, raises production of melanin in the skin, leading to a ‘sun tan’.

Melanotan is a synthetic analog of α-MSH and is prohibited, untried and uncontrolled which is presently being sold online for self-administration. α-MSH is really vulnerable and requires an extensive production atmosphere which can not be guaranteed in unlicensed manufacturing labs. The product has to additionally be kept in a fridge.

What is the difference in between Melanotan I as well as Melanotan II?

Melanotan I specifically binds to receptors responsible for tanning and so has less adverse effects. Nonetheless far more of it is needed for result and also therefore it is much more costly than Melanotan II.

Melanotan II binds to receptors other than those in charge of tanning and consequently leads to even more side-effects.

What are the side-effects?

As this is an uncontrolled and untested drug the full range of potential side-effects are unidentified. Raised sex drive, spontaneous erections, nausea (with succeeding weight loss), facial flushing on management, flu-like signs, and raised high blood pressure have been reported.

Just how is Melanotan provided?

Melanotan is administered subcutaneously by injecting into the fatty layer of cells around the belly button area. Customers infuse daily until a desired colour is attained and after that continue to inject once or twice a week to keep the colour.

Some darkening of the skin might take place using the injection alone yet the results are far more significant when utilized together with exposure to UV light (sun or tanning bed) 2-3 times a week originally and after that 1-2 times a week after that.

Exactly how is Melanotan readily available?

Products on the market consist of:

  • A multi- dose vial of 10, 20 or 30 dosages for subcutaneous shot.
  • A set of pre-filled syringes for subcutaneous injection.
  • A nasal spray.

Key issues

Item purity and content:

  • This is an unlicensed, unregulated product. This is a fragile medicine which requires refrigeration.
  • Individuals may reluctant to position the product in their family members refrigerator. If pre-filled syringes are positioned in the refrigerator this has implications in regards to gain access to of kids to syringes.

Unknown side-effects:

  • There are no clinical tests offered on the brief and also long-term impacts of using these items or if the dosages advised by makers are secure.
  • There is no test information offered on just how these products might interact with various other drugs or their result on an unborn youngster.

Infusing equipment

  • Needles made use of to infuse could also carry bodily liquids, which can pass on infections such as HIV and also hepatitis. In some cases, there is an undersupply of needles by the on the internet distributors for the amount of administration called for, e.g. 1 needle supplied with a 10 dosage vial.
  • This might bring about sharing and also recycling of needles. There are records of customers using the exact same needle for a month and trying to sterilise after every usage.
  • A multi-dose vial made in a non-rigorous production setting may not remain sterile for the duration of its usage e.g. a 30mg vial is made to be utilized for 30 doses which might extend a period of 10 weeks.
  • Some sites use pre-filled syringes in which the item is currently re-constituted with bacteriostatic water, however there is no assurance that these pre-filled items will stay steady as well as sterile during shipment or for the life expectancy of their usage.

Disposal of used sharps

There have actually been reports of needles being disposed of in household rubbish.

Raised direct exposure to UV rays

As the results of the tanning agents are more significant when made use of in conjunction with direct exposure to UV light (by all-natural sunshine or by tanning beds) use the agents may boost UV exposure with all the addition threats linked such as increased threat of skin cancer, skin ageing, etc

Injury decrease actions

  • Describe to individuals regarding the risks connected with injectable tanning products.
  • Highlight the threats connected with boosted UV direct exposure (the unwell effects of sun tanning still occur even in clients who have a deep tan). Clients can speak to the Irish Cancer cells Society if they have concerns pertaining to skin cancer cells on the cancer helpline 1800 200 700 or www.cancer.ie
  • Motivate individuals to stop using, and also to look for clinical guidance if needed.

If using

Clean infusing devices:

  • Advise that they make use of a clean needle every single time and get rid of needles in a sharps container. The needles readily available in the injecting pack offered in pharmacies taking part in the Drug store Needle Exchange Program are created like a diabetic person needle and also appropriate for subcutaneous injection.
  • Recommend clients on the danger of blood borne conditions and use recommendations on whom to get in touch with if the customer is worried that they may have subjected themselves to a blood borne illness by sharing needles.
  • A listing of pharmacies joining your location is offered via the Drugs helpline 1800 459 459.

Safe disposal.

The pack additionally contains a tiny sharps container for made use of sharps. Pharmacies will certainly accept utilized sharps if returned in the sharps container.

Pollutant and instability of product.

  • The quantity of item in the vial may vary substantially, might be polluted with germs or other chemicals.
  • Check the vial prior to usage and also do not use if tarnished or if fragments noticeable.
  • It must be kept in the fridge.
  • All medicines should be shut out of the reach of kids which might be difficult in a refrigerator.


  • Suggest that side-effects are unknown, and also the doses being utilized might not be secure.
  • Results of the drug on a coming child are unknown.
  • Effects when taken with various other medicines are unknown.


Melanotan in WikiPedia

Melanotan II is a synthetic analogue of the peptide hormone α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) that stimulates melanogenesis and increases sexual arousal.

It was under development as drug candidate for female sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction but clinical development ceased by 2003, and as of 2018, no product containing melanotan II was marketed and all commercial development had ceased.

Unlicensed, untested, or fraudulent products sold as “melanotan II” are found on the Internet, and purported to be effective as “tanning drugs”, though side effects such as uneven pigmentation (it makes already uneven pigmentation more noticeable), new nevi (moles), and darkening or enlargement of existing moles have been reported and have led to medical authorities discouraging its use. There has been no scientific study into the long term and permanent side effects the use of this peptide may cause.

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