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Suggestions on the usage on injecting tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan


As a result of the current publicity as well as cautions regarding the threats of injecting melanotan the HSE has actually released details and also recommendations on the use on injecting tanning agents, e.g. Melanotan.

What is Melanotan?

Melanotan is based upon a medicine (afamelanotide) which was established by the University of Arizona in 1981 to be utilized for photo protection against sun damage. This medicine is presently undertaking medical trials for use in individuals with specific sun-sensitive skin conditions and is not available for general sale.

The medicine is chemically associated with the alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormonal agent (α-MSH) and binds to receptors (melanocortin receptors) in human skin cells. This binding to the α-MSH receptor, which has an essential function in figuring out skin and also hair coloring, enhances production of melanin in the skin, causing a ‘sun tan’.

Melanotan is an artificial analog of α-MSH and is unlawful, untested as well as uncontrolled which is presently being marketed online for self-administration. α-MSH is very fragile and also calls for a rigorous manufacturing setting which can not be ensured in unlicensed production research laboratories. The item has to additionally be saved in a refrigerator.

What is the distinction between Melanotan I and also Melanotan II?

Melanotan I specifically binds to receptors responsible for tanning therefore has less side effects. However far more of it is needed for effect and as a result it is extra expensive than Melanotan II.

Melanotan II binds to receptors aside from those in charge of tanning and also as a result leads to more side-effects.

What are the side-effects?

As this is an uncontrolled and also untried drug the full range of possible side-effects are unknown. Increased libido, spontaneous erections, queasiness (with succeeding weight reduction), face flushing on administration, flu-like signs, and also enhanced blood pressure have been reported.

How is Melanotan provided?

Melanotan is carried out subcutaneously by injecting into the fatty layer of cells around the stubborn belly switch location. Clients inject daily up until a desired colour is attained and then remain to infuse once or twice a week to maintain the colour.

Some dimming of the skin might occur making use of the injection alone yet the results are far more significant when made use of in addition to direct exposure to UV light (sun or tanning bed) 2-3 times a week initially and then 1-2 times a week afterwards.

Just how is Melanotan available?

Products on the market consist of:

  • A multi- dose vial of 10, 20 or 30 dosages for subcutaneous shot.
  • A collection of pre-filled syringes for subcutaneous shot.
  • A nasal spray.

Key concerns

Product purity and content:

  • This is an unlicensed, uncontrolled item. This is a breakable medicine which needs refrigeration.
  • Individuals might unwilling to put the item in their family fridge. If pre-filled syringes are placed in the refrigerator this has ramifications in terms of access of children to syringes.

Unidentified side-effects:

  • There are no clinical trials offered on the brief as well as long term effects of using these items or if the dosages advised by manufacturers are safe.
  • There is no test information offered on just how these products may interact with other drugs or their effect on a coming kid.

Infusing equipment

  • Needles utilized to inject can additionally lug physical fluids, which can hand down infections such as HIV and also liver disease. Sometimes, there is an undersupply of needles by the on the internet vendors for the amount of management required, e.g. 1 needle supplied with a 10 dosage vial.
  • This might result in sharing and recycling of needles. There are reports of customers making use of the very same needle for a month and also attempting to sterilise after every use.
  • A multi-dose vial manufactured in a non-rigorous manufacturing setting may not remain sterilized for the duration of its usage e.g. a 30mg vial is made to be made use of for 30 doses which might cover an amount of time of 10 weeks.
  • Some sites offer pre-filled syringes in which the item is already re-constituted with bacteriostatic water, nonetheless there is no guarantee that these pre-filled products will certainly continue to be stable and sterilized during distribution or for the life span of their usage.

Disposal of used sharps

There have been records of needles being disposed of in household rubbish.

Increased direct exposure to UV rays

As the impacts of the tanning agents are extra dramatic when used together with exposure to UV light (by natural sunlight or by tanning beds) use of the agents may increase UV exposure with all the addition risks connected such as raised threat of skin cancer cells, skin ageing, etc

Harm reduction actions

  • Clarify to customers regarding the threats connected with injectable tanning items.
  • Highlight the threats connected with boosted UV exposure (the ill results of sun tanning still happen even in clients who have a deep tan). Customers can speak to the Irish Cancer cells Society if they have issues regarding skin cancer on the cancer cells helpline 1800 200 700 or www.cancer.ie
  • Encourage individuals to quit using, as well as to look for medical suggestions if needed.

If making use of

Tidy injecting tools:

  • Recommend that they use a tidy needle each time and also throw away needles in a sharps container. The needles offered in the injecting pack available in pharmacies taking part in the Drug store Needle Exchange Program are created like a diabetic needle and appropriate for subcutaneous injection.
  • Encourage customers on the threat of blood birthed illness and offer suggestions on whom to call if the client is worried that they might have exposed themselves to a blood birthed condition by sharing needles.
  • A checklist of pharmacies participating in your location is readily available via the Drugs helpline 1800 459 459.

Safe disposal.

The pack likewise includes a tiny sharps container for utilized sharps. Drug stores will accept utilized sharps if returned in the sharps container.

Contamination and also instability of item.

  • The quantity of product in the vial might differ substantially, might be polluted with bacteria or other chemicals.
  • Inspect the vial prior to usage as well as do not make use of if stained or if fragments visible.
  • It must be stored in the fridge.
  • All drugs need to be shut out of the reach of youngsters which may be difficult in a refrigerator.


  • Advise that side-effects are unknown, and the doses being utilized might not be safe.
  • Results of the medicine on an expected kid are unidentified.
  • Results when taken with other medications are unidentified.


Melanotan in WikiPedia

Melanotan II is a synthetic analogue of the peptide hormone α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) that stimulates melanogenesis and increases sexual arousal.

It was under development as drug candidate for female sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction but clinical development ceased by 2003, and as of 2018, no product containing melanotan II was marketed and all commercial development had ceased.

Unlicensed, untested, or fraudulent products sold as “melanotan II” are found on the Internet, and purported to be effective as “tanning drugs”, though side effects such as uneven pigmentation (it makes already uneven pigmentation more noticeable), new nevi (moles), and darkening or enlargement of existing moles have been reported and have led to medical authorities discouraging its use. There has been no scientific study into the long term and permanent side effects the use of this peptide may cause.

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