Why was Melanotan created?

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Suggestions on the use on infusing tanning agents, e.g. Melanotan


As a result of the recent promotion as well as warnings regarding the risks of injecting melanotan the HSE has released details and also guidance on the use on injecting tanning representatives, e.g. Melanotan.

What is Melanotan?

Melanotan is based upon a medication (afamelanotide) which was established by the College of Arizona in 1981 to be made use of for photo security versus sun damage. This medicine is currently going through clinical trials for use in individuals with particular sun-sensitive skin disease and is not offered for general sale.

The drug is chemically associated with the alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormonal agent (α-MSH) as well as binds to receptors (melanocortin receptors) in human skin cells. This binding to the α-MSH receptor, which has a key duty in establishing skin and hair pigmentation, increases manufacturing of melanin in the skin, causing a ‘sun tan’.

Melanotan is a synthetic analog of α-MSH as well as is illegal, untried and also unregulated which is currently being marketed online for self-administration. α-MSH is extremely delicate and requires a rigorous manufacturing setting which can not be guaranteed in unlicensed production research laboratories. The product must additionally be kept in a refrigerator.

What is the difference in between Melanotan I and Melanotan II?

Melanotan I especially binds to receptors in charge of tanning and so has much less negative effects. However much more of it is needed for impact and also as a result it is more costly than Melanotan II.

Melanotan II binds to receptors other than those responsible for tanning and also for that reason causes more side-effects.

What are the side-effects?

As this is an uncontrolled and also untried drug the full series of possible side-effects are unidentified. Enhanced libido, spontaneous erections, nausea or vomiting (with subsequent weight reduction), facial flushing on management, flu-like signs, as well as raised blood pressure have been reported.

Just how is Melanotan carried out?

Melanotan is carried out subcutaneously by injecting into the fatty layer of cells around the stubborn belly switch area. Customers infuse daily until a desired colour is achieved and then continue to inject one or two times a week to maintain the colour.

Some dimming of the skin may occur utilizing the injection alone yet the effects are even more significant when used together with exposure to UV light (sun or tanning bed) 2-3 times a week at first and then 1-2 times a week thereafter.

Just how is Melanotan offered?

Products on the market include:

  • A multi- dosage vial of 10, 20 or 30 doses for subcutaneous injection.
  • A collection of pre-filled syringes for subcutaneous injection.
  • A nasal spray.

Key worries

Item purity and web content:

  • This is an unlicensed, unregulated product. This is a breakable medication which needs refrigeration.
  • Users might hesitant to put the product in their family members fridge. If pre-filled syringes are placed in the refrigerator this has implications in regards to access of children to syringes.

Unidentified side-effects:

  • There are no professional trials available on the brief and long-term results of using these products or if the doses advised by makers are safe.
  • There is no trial data readily available on exactly how these products might communicate with other medications or their result on a coming youngster.

Injecting tools

  • Needles used to inject could also carry physical fluids, which can pass on infections such as HIV as well as hepatitis. In many cases, there is an undersupply of needles by the online providers for the quantity of administration required, e.g. 1 needle provided with a 10 dose vial.
  • This could bring about sharing and also recycling of needles. There are records of clients using the very same needle for a month and also attempting to sterilise after every use.
  • A multi-dose vial manufactured in a non-rigorous manufacturing environment might not remain sterilized for the duration of its usage e.g. a 30mg vial is created to be used for 30 dosages which may extend a time period of 10 weeks.
  • Some websites provide pre-filled syringes in which the product is already re-constituted with bacteriostatic water, however there is no assurance that these pre-filled items will certainly stay stable as well as sterilized during shipment or for the life span of their usage.

Disposal of used sharps

There have actually been records of needles being thrown away in family rubbish.

Raised exposure to UV rays

As the effects of the tanning agents are extra significant when utilized combined with direct exposure to UV light (by natural sunshine or by tanning beds) use of the agents may enhance UV direct exposure with all the enhancement dangers connected such as enhanced threat of skin cancer, skin ageing, and so on

Damage decrease activities

  • Clarify to customers concerning the dangers related to injectable tanning items.
  • Highlight the risks associated with raised UV direct exposure (the ill impacts of sun tanning still occur even in customers who have a deep tan). Customers can speak to the Irish Cancer cells Society if they have worries concerning skin cancer cells on the cancer cells helpline 1800 200 700 or www.cancer.ie
  • Motivate customers to stop making use of, as well as to look for medical suggestions if needed.

If utilizing

Tidy injecting equipment:

  • Encourage that they make use of a clean needle every single time and also deal with needles in a sharps container. The needles offered in the infusing pack readily available in pharmacies participating in the Pharmacy Needle Exchange Program are developed like a diabetic needle as well as appropriate for subcutaneous shot.
  • Advise clients on the risk of blood birthed illness and also offer advice on whom to call if the client is concerned that they might have exposed themselves to a blood birthed disease by sharing needles.
  • A list of pharmacies taking part in your location is offered via the Drugs helpline 1800 459 459.

Safe disposal.

The pack likewise has a little sharps container for made use of sharps. Pharmacies will accept utilized sharps if returned in the sharps container.

Pollutant and also instability of item.

  • The quantity of item in the vial may differ substantially, may be polluted with bacteria or various other chemicals.
  • Inspect the vial prior to use as well as do not use if blemished or if bits noticeable.
  • It has to be stored in the fridge.
  • All drugs should be kept out of the reach of kids which might be challenging in a fridge.


  • Advise that side-effects are unknown, as well as the doses being utilized might not be safe.
  • Results of the drug on an expected kid are unknown.
  • Results when taken with various other drugs are unknown.


Melanotan in WikiPedia

Melanotan II is a synthetic analogue of the peptide hormone α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) that stimulates melanogenesis and increases sexual arousal.

It was under development as drug candidate for female sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction but clinical development ceased by 2003, and as of 2018, no product containing melanotan II was marketed and all commercial development had ceased.

Unlicensed, untested, or fraudulent products sold as “melanotan II” are found on the Internet, and purported to be effective as “tanning drugs”, though side effects such as uneven pigmentation (it makes already uneven pigmentation more noticeable), new nevi (moles), and darkening or enlargement of existing moles have been reported and have led to medical authorities discouraging its use. There has been no scientific study into the long term and permanent side effects the use of this peptide may cause.

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